The research is clear.
“Children need recess, the benefits of which range across developmental domains. Following are just seven reasons why, if we want children to achieve optimal intellectual, social/emotional, and physical success, they should not be denied recess.”
1. Everyone benefits from a break.
2. Recess increases on-task time.
3. Children need outside light.
4. Unstructured physical play reduces stress.
5. Children need to learn to be social creatures.
6. Our children’s health is at risk.
7. Physical activity feeds the brain.
“There is one more reason why recess should not be withheld from children as punishment: It doesn’t work. The rationale for demanding children sit more, therefore, is counterintuitive both to what the research shows and to what we know about children.”
Articles by Educational Consultant Rae Pica, www.movingandlearning.com, a children’s physical activity specialist since 1980. A former adjunct instructor with the University of New Hampshire who served on the task force of the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE).
Withholding Recess is a “No, No”
Play Deprivation and Behavior Problems
Reading, Writing, ‘Rithmetic…and Recess
Why Recess Is Different from PE
The Value of Play
Linking Literacy and Movement
In Defense of Active Learning
Children typically love recess so it seems quite logical that withdrawing recess from children who misbehave or fail to do assignments is an appropriate disciplinary approach. But some argue that withholding recess does more harm that good.
PODCASTS: Free downloads available at iTunes from BAM – Body, Mind and Child
#64 Withdrawing Recess As Punishment. How recess activities can improve behavior for children with ADHD.
#9 Fitting Fitness in the Curriculum
#33 Why Kids aren’t Going Outside When they Should
#70 Solving the growing physical activity problem
#87 Rough and Tumble Play is Really a Good Thing
Why Recess Matters, How to Defend It? This podcast includes a brief discussion of research about the importance of recess for an child with ADHD.
The Decline of Play in Preschool — and the Rise in Sensory Issues. (Washington Post 09/01/15).