Where should we put tutoring for a student on the IEP page? Is tutoring considered a reasonable accommodation or modification?
Tutoring is a direct service, not a modification or an accommodation. IDEA supports tutoring and direct one-to-one remediation of required academic skills.
If a child does not have an IEP and needs to learn to read to access the curriculum in regular or general education, tutoring could be included in the child’s Section 504 Plan.
Tutoring in IDEA 2004
For tutoring in IDEA, read the definitions of a child with a disability, related services, and special education in 20 U.S.C. 1401.
(3) Child With A Disability
(A) In General. The term ‘child with a disability means a child
(i) with [various labels] . . . and
(ii) who, by reason thereof, needs special education and related services.
(26) Related Services
(A) The term ‘related service’ means . . . developmental, corrective and other supportive services, including . . . services . . . therapy . . . designed to enable a child with a disability to receive [FAPE and] . . . benefit from special education . . .
(29) Special Education
The term ‘special education’ means specially designed instruction, at no cost to parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability.
The definition of “related services“ supports individualized one-on-one remediation, i.e., tutoring. The definition of “specially designed instruction” also supports tutoring.
I argue that under the definition of a “child with a disability,” the child needs special education (specially designed instruction) and related services (corrective supportive services and therapy).
When you revise that sentence for clarity, it says . . .
A child with a disability needs specially designed instruction and related services, including corrective supportive services and therapy, i.e., tutoring.
The definitions in IDEA support tutoring as an appropriate service for the child to receive FAPE (or for access/equal opportunity under Section 504).