My daughter is 4 grade levels behind in reading. According to her evaluation, she has dyslexia, low working memory, and a severe reading disability. The school said they would start her in tier 3 RTI. If she doesn’t make make progress, they will give her an IEP. Shouldn’t she qualify for special ed now, without waiting for RTI?
The school team is clearly wrong. Response to Intervention (RTI) and an educational evaluation to determine eligibility for special education run concurrently. They are two different trains running on two different tracks at the same time.
The road to Hell is paved with good intentions. RTI is part of that pavement!
Initially, the purpose of RTI was to screen students, provide more intensive help to struggling students, and identify other students in need of special education. When IDEA was reauthorized in 2004, Congress added a new provision for children who may have a specific learning disability – that a district “may use a process that determines if the child responds to scientific, research-based intervention as part of the evaluation procedures …” (20 U.S.C. Sec. 1414(b)(6) – Special Rule for Eligibility Determination; see page 97 in Wrightslaw: Special Education Law)
For more information, see:
A Parent Guide to RTI by Susan Bruce at https://www.wrightslaw.com/info/rti.parent.guide.pdf
Parent attorneys and advocates have known for years that many schools are using RTI to delay providing special ed services. In a January 2011 Memo to all State Directors of Special Education, the U.S. Department of Education finally acknowledged that “local education agencies may be using Response to Intervention (RTI) strategies to delay or deny a timely initial evaluation.”
The subject line says it all: “A Response to Intervention (RTI) Process Cannot Be Used to Delay/Deny an Evaluation for Eligibility under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).”
You will find this three page Memorandum at:
If your daughter is 4 grade levels behind in reading, the school should have implemented RTI years ago. It doesn’t take an expert to figure this out.
Your daughter should go into RTI immediately. She needs to receive more focused and intensive help for her reading without further delays.
What You Need to Do
1. Submit a written request for the school to evaluate your child to determine if she is eligible for special education. It’s a good idea to state that this letter is also your consent for the evaluation – the timeline clock will not begin ticking until the school receives your consent to evaluate.
2. Print the Memo from OSEP and attach it to your request.
The school must determine what testing needs to be done in “all areas of suspected disability.”
Once you sign the Parental Written Consent that allows the school to test, the clock starts ticking! The school has 60 calendar days (unless your state regulations specify a different timeline) to determine if your daughter is eligible for special education services.
You will have both educational trains running on separate tracks at the same time!
Meet Jeff Martin
Jeff Martin graduated with honors from William & Mary School of Law. During his time at William & Mary, Jeff received the Gambrell Professionalism Award for written and oral advocacy and trial practice.
Jeff was awarded the Perkins Trust Scholarship and received the CALI Award for his work with the PELE Special Education Advocacy Clinic. He was trained in Special Education Law by Pete & Pam Wright.
Jeff represents parents throughout Virginia in all aspects of Special Education law from IEP meetings to Due Process Hearings, though his favorite “client” is his own daughter, who receives special education under an IEP.
Jeffrey C. Martin, Esq.
The Law Firm of Michael C. Tillotson
13195 Warwick Boulevard, Suite 2A
Newport News, Virginia 23602
(757) 969-5197 office