My child’s doctor recommended homebound instruction. The school said they had the authority to override that recommendation. Why won’t the school provide homebound services?
Issues of homebound are determined in part by state law and state regulations, if any, on the subject.
IDEA 2004 and the federal regulations provide no guidance on this issue.
However, if your child has an IEP, the IEP controls the services, regardless of where they are delivered – at home or in the public school.
The IEP team determines what the child requires in order to receive FAPE, i.e., a free appropriate public education.
Placing a child on homebound is a very restrictive placement.
As a general rule, a homebound placement is only appropriate if a child has a health or medical problem that prevents the child from attending school.
Homebound Placement for Behavior Issues
We are seeing many cases where the school/IEP team places a child with behavior problems in “homebound” for weeks or months because they don’t know how to handle the child’s behavior.
In a nutshell, the school removes the child from school. The child may receive a couple of hours of instruction a week and no contact with other kids.
Documentation: The parent who has documented the problems and their attempts to solve them, will be in a stronger position to request an IEP team meeting and an IEP that addresses the problem behaviors.
Homebound Services for Medical Issues
If a child has a medical condition that requires homebound instruction, the doctor needs to document this in detail.
- what is the condition?
- what will the child need?
- how long will the child need this service?
Documentation: The parent needs to document the child’s problems, what caused them to worsen, attempts made to help the child, etc.