The school evaluated my child and I don’t agree with the results. What can I do? Will I have to pay for another evaluation? Who will do the evaluation?
If you disagree with the school district’s evaluation and/or recommendations, you have the right to request an Independent Educational Evaluation (IEE) at the school district’s expense.
The IEE must be conducted by a qualified examiner who is not employed by the school district.
OSEP issued a letter to clarify that parents have the right to select an evaluator of their choice. The regulation about the parental right to an independent educational evaluation is 34 CFR §300.502.
Note: This policy letter cites the 1999 federal special education IEE regulations contained in 34 CFR 300.502. In 2006 the regulations were revised. They are the same citation, i.e., 34 CFR 300.502, however there are some changes so you will want to look at the precise wording of the 2006 IEE regulation to determine any possible differences.
Parent Right to an IEE
Wrightslaw: Special Education Law, 2nd Edition,
34 CFR Section 300.502, page 252-253
In a nutshell, parents have the right to select an evaluator of their choice.
In some cases, the evaluator may not meet agency criteria. The district has the option of requesting a due process hearing to get a ruling that their evaluation was sufficient. If the district does not take that step, it must pay the cost of the IEE.
There is no provision in the law that allows districts to limit the cost or that requires parents to pay a portion of the cost of an IEE.
It is not inconsistent with IDEA for a district to publish a list of the names and addresses of evaluators that meet agency criteria, including reasonable cost criteria. This can be an effective way for agencies to inform parents of how and where they may obtain an IEE.
Parent’s Right to Choose
In order to ensure the parent’s right to an independent evaluation, it is the parent, not the district, who has the right to choose which evaluator on the list will conduct the IEE.
We recognize that it is difficult, particularly in a big district, to establish a list that includes every qualified evaluator who meets the agency’s criteria.
Therefore, when enforcing IEE criteria, the district must allow parents the opportunity to select an evaluator who is not on the list but who meets the criteria set by the public agency.
In addition, when enforcing IEE criteria, the district must allow parents the opportunity to demonstrate that unique circumstances justify the selection of an evaluator that does not meet agency criteria.
In some instances, the only person qualified to conduct the type of evaluation needed by the child may be an evaluator who does not meet agency criteria.
For example, because children must be assessed in all areas related to the suspected disability, there may be situations in which some children may need evaluations by an evaluator who does not meet agency criteria.
In such situations, the public agency must ensure that the parent still has the right to the IEE at public expense and is informed about where the evaluation(s) may be obtained.
If a parent elects to obtain an IEE by an evaluator not on the public agency’s list of evaluators, the public agency may initiate a due process hearing to demonstrate that the evaluation obtained by the parent did not meet the public agency criteria applicable for IEEs or there is no justification for selecting an evaluator that does not meet agency criteria.
If the public agency chooses not to initiate a due process hearing, it must ensure that the parent is reimbursed for the evaluation.
Sample Letter to Request an Evaluator Not on the School List
A few years ago, Gary Mayerson (an attorney in NYC) wrote a book about how to advocate for children with disabilities. He included a sample letter that parents can use to request an IEE by an evaluator who is not on the school’s “approved list,” or when parents are advised that they must use an evaluator on the school’s “approved list.”
You can tailor this letter to your circumstances.
Download this policy letter about Independent Educational Evaluations and Evaluators from the U. S. Department of Education site at: