Wrightslaw l No Child Left Behind l IDEA 2004 l Fetaweb l Yellow Pages for Kids l Harbor House Law Press

 Home > Main Law Library > Articles & Reports > Back To School On Civil Rights - Index

The Special Ed Advocate
It's Unique ... and Free!

Enter your email address below:


2015 - 2016 Training Programs

Dec 3 - OKC

Dec 7 - Temecula, CA

Feb 25 - San Jose, CA

Feb 29 - NYC Metro Area

Mar 4 - McAllen, TX

Full Schedule

Be a Hero ...

 Jason at Ft. Benning
... to a Hero
Learn more


Topics from A-Z
Free Newsletter
Seminars & Training
Yellow Pages for Kids
Press Room

Books & Training

Wrightslaw Storesecure store lock
  Advocate's Store
  Student Bookstore
  Exam Copies
Training Center
Bulk Discounts
New! Military Discounts
Mail & Fax Orders

Advocacy Library

Doing Your Homework
Ask the Advocate
Newsletter Archives
Summer School Series
Success Stories

Law Library

IDEA 2004
No Child Left Behind
McKinney-Vento Homeless
Section 504
Fed Court Complaints


American Indian
Assistive Technology
Autism Spectrum
Behavior & Discipline
College/Continuing Ed
Due Process
Early Intervention (Part C)
Future Planning
High-Stakes Tests
Homeless Children
IDEA 2004
Identification & Child Find
Juvenile Justice
Law School & Clinics
Letters & Paper Trails
Military / DOD
No Child Left Behind
NCLB Directories
NCLB Law & Regs
Parental Protections
PE and Adapted PE
Privacy & Records
Procedural Safeguards
Progress Monitoring
Related Services
Research Based Instruction
Response to Intervention (RTI)
School Report Cards
Section 504
Teachers & Principals
Twice Exceptional (2e)
VA Special Education

Resources & Directories

Advocate's Bookstore
Advocacy Resources
  Disability Groups
  State DOEs
  State PTIs
Free Flyers
Free Pubs
Free Newsletters
Legal & Advocacy
   Legal Terms
   Assessment Terms
Best School Websites

Back to School on Civil Rights 
Table of Contents

Search Tips


Scope of This Report

Enforcement Research Perspectives

Research Methodology

   A. Introduction

   B. Basic Requirements of IDEA

   C. Scope of IDEA

   D. Legislative History

   E. Reauthorization of IDEA 1997

   F. Statutory Framework for IDEA Enforcement

2. Background and Enforcement Philosophy

3. The Federal Role--Delegation of Responsibilities

4. State Education Agencies (SEAs)

5. Local Education Agencies (LEAs)

6. The Unofficial Role of Parents as Enforcers of IDEA

   H. Findings and Recommendations

II. Grassroots Perspectives on Noncompliance and Federal Enforcement of IDEA

   A. Obstacles Experienced by Students with Disabilities and Their Families

2. Noncompliance with Free Appropriate Public Education

b. Monitoring Reports

c. Evaluating the Monitoring Process and Corrective Action

d. Corrective Action Plans

e. The Need to Create Consequences

f. Monitoring at the State Level

3. Advocates for Children in the Juvenile Justice System, Minority and Rural Communities

III. Grant Administration, Compliance-Monitoring, Complaint-Handling, and Enforcement Functions

   A. Grant Administration

2. Competitive State Program Improvement Grants

3. Findings and Recommendations

2. The Decision About What to Monitor

3. The Monitoring Cycle

4. The Monitoring Process Before the Fall of 1998

b. The On-Site Visit

c. The Monitoring Report

d. Corrective Action Plans

e. OSEP's Maintenance of Monitoring Reports and Records Regarding Monitoring Reports

b. Standards Used by OSEP for Determining Noncompliance

c. Summary of State Noncompliance Findings

d. Analysis of Findings of Noncompliance

e. Data Quality Issues Raised by the Monitoring Reports

f. Findings and Recommendations

b. Analysis of Six States Over Time



New York




c. Findings and Recommendations

8. Perspectives on the Impact of Federal Compliance Monitoring

b. The National Association of State Directors of Special Education

c. Findings and Recommendations

2. Secretarial Review of IDEA Complaints

3. Section 504/ADA Complaints Received by OCR/DoED

4. Findings and Recommendations

2. Withholding of Funds

3. Cease and Desist Order

4. Referral to the Department of Justice for Enforcement Action

5. The Politics of Enforcement

6. Findings and Recommendations

IV. The National Compliance Picture Over Time: Analysis of Annual Reports to Congress 1978-1998

   A. Introduction

   B. Methodology

   C. Procedural Focus

   D. Definition of Monitoring

   E. Procedural Changes

   F. Lack of Trend Analysis

   G. Charts on Monitoring Findings

   H. Intra-Departmental Policy Conflicts

   I. Reports Demonstrate the Evolution of DoED's View of Its Mandate

   J. Language Changes

   K. Trend Toward Partnership with States

   L. Findings and Recommendations

V. IDEA Litigation Challenging State Noncompliance

   A. Introduction

   B. Summary of Litigation in California, Illinois, and Texas

   C. Development of More Effective Monitoring Systems

   D. Findings and Recommendations

VI. The Role of the Department of Justice

   A. Functions of the Department of Justice

   B. IDEA Litigation in Which the Department of Justice Has Participated

   C. Findings and Recommendations

VII. Improving Public Awareness: Technical Assistance and Public Information for Students with Disabilities, Their Families, and Advocates

   A. Department of Education--Overview


2. National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)

3. Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA)

4. Office for Civil Rights (OCR)

5. Department of Health and Human Services--Administration on Developmental Disabilities (ADD)

   C. Findings and Recommendations

VIII. Summary and Conclusions

Consolidated List of Findings and Recommendations

Index, IDEA Compliance Report


Email Newsletter icon, E-mail Newsletter icon, Email List icon, E-mail List icon The Special Ed Advocate: It's Free!


Wrightslaw: Special Education Law, 2nd Edition, by Pam and Pete Wright
About the Book

Wrightslaw: All About IEPs
About the Book

Wrightslaw: All About Tests and Assessments
About the Book

Surviving Due Process: Stephen Jeffers v. School Board
About the DVD Video


Copyright 1998-2015, Peter W. D. Wright and Pamela Darr Wright. All rights reserved.

Contact Us | Press Mission l Our Awards l Privacy Policy l Disclaimer l Site Map

Wrightslaw Store

The Advocate's Store

Get Help!

Wrightslaw on FacebookWrightslaw on TwitterWrightslaw YouTube Channel 


Wrightslaw Books
Wrightslaw: Special Education Law, 2nd Edition, by Pam and Pete Wright
Student Discounts

Military Discounts

The Advocate's Store

Wrightslaw Multimedia Training

Understanding Your Child's
Test Scores (1.5 hrs)

Wrightslaw Special: $14.95

Special Education Law & Advocacy Training
(6.5 hrs)

Wrightslaw Special: $49.95