by Grade 3: Reading First and
According to the U. S. Department of Education:
Only 32 percent of 4th graders are proficient readers
(Nation's Report Card - current reading stats)
Note: Congress has reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), the statute formerly known as No Child Left Behind. The new statute, Every Student Succeeds Act, was signed into law by President Obama on December 10, 2015.
purpose of the law is "to ensure that every student can read
at grade level or above . . . [by] the end of grade 3."
The law requires schools to implement research-based reading programs and "prepare teachers, including special ed teachers . . so teachers have the tools to effectively help their students learn to read."
NCLB also requires that states and school districts select or develop "effective instructional materials, programs, learning systems, and strategies that have been proven to prevent or remediate reading failure . . ."
The purposes of Reading First are:
(1) To provide assistance to State educational agencies and local educational agencies in establishing reading programs for students in kindergarten through grade 3 that are based on scientifically based reading research, to ensure that every student can read at grade level or above not later than the end of grade 3.
(2) To provide assistance to State educational agencies and local educational agencies in preparing teachers, including special education teachers, through professional development and other support, so the teachers can identify specific reading barriers facing their students and so the teachers have the tools to effectively help their students learn to read.
(3) To provide assistance to State educational agencies and local educational agencies in selecting or administering screening, diagnostic, and classroom-based instructional reading assessments.
To provide assistance to State educational agencies and local educational
agencies in selecting or developing effective instructional materials
(including classroom-based materials to assist teachers in implementing
the essential components of reading instruction), programs, learning
systems, and strategies
To strengthen coordination among schools, early literacy programs,
and family literacy programs to improve reading achievement for all
children. (20 U. S. C. § 6361. Purposes. Section 1201 of NCLB
U. S. Department of Education
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