Note: Congress has reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), the statute formerly known as No Child Left Behind. The new statute, Every Student Succeeds Act, was signed into law by President Obama on December 10, 2015.
Guide to No Child Left Behind
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) covers all states, school districts, and schools that accept Title 1 federal grants. Title 1 grants provide funding for remedial education programs for poor and disadvantaged children in public schools, and in some private programs. NCLB applies differently to Title 1 schools than to schools that do not receive Title 1 grants. However, one way or another, this law covers all public schools in all states.
emphasizes accountability and teaching methods that work.
Reading First grants will fund classroom-reading instruction for 90-minute blocks, 5 days a week. Schools may use part of this money to train K-3 teachers in these research-based methods. They may also use a portion of this money to train K-12 special education teachers.
Qualifications of Teachers and Paraprofessionals
This law raises the requirements for teachers. Because all states have accepted Title 1 funds, this quality standard applies to all public school teachers in all states.
Standards for Paraprofessionals
Right to Know Teacher Qualifications
Proficiency Testing of Children
2013-2014 school year, NCLB requires that all children will be at
the proficient level on state testing. To help states and districts
accomplish this, NCLB gives states more flexibility in combining federal
grants and expenditures.
contains various deadlines for compliance.
New Options for Parents
The law provides parents with different options depending on whether or not your child attends a school that receives Title 1 grants.
If your child attends a school that does not receive Title 1 funds, you will simply know whether your child's school is improving at the required rate. You will know which subgroups your school teaches successfully.
If your child attends a school that receives Title 1 grants, you will have more choices.
Transfers from Failing Schools
If your Title 1 School fails to meet its AYP goal for two consecutive years, all the children in the school may choose to attend a non-failing school in your school district. If all schools in your district fail, you may send your child to a school in another school district.
All eligible children were not able to transfer out of failing schools at the beginning of the 2002-2003 school year. Some districts did not make cooperative agreements with other districts which prevented parents from exercising this option under the NCLB.
The school district may also limit the amount of money it spends on transportation to other schools. If there is not enough money under a designated formula to pay for transportation, the district may give preference to the lowest achieving children from the lowest income families.
If your child transfers to a better school, your child may stay there until he or she completes the highest grade in that school. Your sending school will provide transportation to the school you have chosen until the sending school raises its AYP rate to an acceptable level.
Supplemental Services: Free Tutoring, After-school Programs, Summer School
If your Title 1 School fails to reach its AYP goal for three years, your school will provide supplemental services to the children remaining there. These supplemental services include tutoring, after-school programs, and summer school.
You may choose a tutor, or other service provider, from a state approved list. The state will ensure that all providers on this list have a history of success. Children will receive these services at no cost. Again, under a formula, the district may give preference to the lowest achieving children in the lowest income families who request supplemental services.
There is nothing in NCLB that prevents the school from providing transfers and transportation to all children in the failing school who request it. There is nothing in the law that prevents the district from providing tutoring to all children in the failing school who request it.
Restructuring Failing Schools
If the school fails to make its AYP goal for four years, the school may replace school staff responsible for the failure. The school may hire an outside expert to advise the school on how to make progress towards its AYP goal.
The school may implement a new curriculum. The new curriculum must address the weaknesses in the old one. The school will train teachers in implementing this new curriculum. The school may also reorganize its management structure.
If your Title 1 School fails for five consecutive years, the school district may replace the principal and staff. The district may contract with a private firm to run the school. The school may reopen as a charter school.
If all these options are unsuccessful, the state will take over management of the school.
The Secretary of Education has issued policy letters to clarify the No Child Left Behind statute. In August 2002, the U.S. Department of Education issued proposed regulations. Additional regulations concerning calculations of AYP using scores for the small numbers of students who take tests aligned with alternate achievement standards were issued in December 2003.
Department of Education wants to ensure that parents are part of school
* * * Every Student Succeeds Act * * *
Wrightslaw is in the process of creating the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) page that will include articles, publications, and other resources about the new statute.
No Child Left Behind Resources
Child Left Behind Statute and Regulations
S. Department of Education, http://www.ed.gov/nclb/overview/importance/edlite-index.html
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