Parents and educators have questions about inclusion. Many believe that the IDEA requires schools to practice inclusion. In fact, the term "inclusion" is relatively new and is not included in the IDEA statute or regulations.
According to the IDEA's LRE or mainstreaming policy, school districts are required to educate students with disabilities in regular classrooms with their nondisabled peers, in the school they would attend if not disabled, to the maximum extent appropriate.
FAQs about LRE/ Inclusion
about Inclusion. Defines
''inclusion;' placement decisions; can decisions be revisited; how
often? Can a teacher request that placement decision be reviewed? Who
SHOULD be involved in decisions? How can teachers ensure that they are
able to attend student's IEP meeting?
Us v. Them: Protecting Our Children's Rights to Inclusion. Pam's advice to a teacher who asks how she can advocate and protect children's rights?
Special Education: NOT the Resource Room, the Classroom in the Trailer, or the Special School Across Town. "Special education" under IDEA is not a place or placement or a pre-packaged program. Special education is a "service for children rather than a place where such children are sent."
Parent Involvement in Placement Decisions. Decisions about placement are to be made after the child’s IEP is developed. Parents are members of any team that develops the IEP and decides on placement. Courts have held that schools may not predetermine placement. The placement decision must be made by the team.
Is There a Legal Definition of Self Contained Classroom? There is no legal definition of “self contained classroom” in the federal statute. The term is not in the the law. Your state special education regulations may have a definition. State education regulations often include a student-teacher ratio.
LRE: A Simplified Guide to Key Legal Requirements. Pacer Center Action information sheets revised 2009.
Information on Least Restrictive Environment. What do the terms "mainstreaming," "integration," "full inclusion," and "reverse mainstreaming" mean? Answers to LRE FAQs (revised 2005) from the CA Protection and Advocacy Inc. (CA-PAI).
of Ed. of Hendrick Hudson Central School Dist. v. Rowley 458 U.S. 176
(1982). First decision in a special education case by the U. S.
Supreme Court; defined "free appropriate public education" in
the least restrictive environment.
Statement on Inclusive Programs for Students With Disabilities.
National Association of School Psychologists issues "Call for Inclusive
Schools"; describes benefits; how to develop inclusive schools; role
of school psychologists; aspects of traditional special education that
create "unintended negative outcomes".
for a Successful Inclusion Program. Article from the National
Association of Elementary School Principals about inclusion of students
with 'mild to moderate' disabilities; focuses on need to prepare teachers;
importance of good communication; use of paraprofessionals; teacher collaboration;
Last updated: 06/13/11