Parents, educators, advocates, and attorneys come to Wrightslaw for accurate, reliable information about special education law, education law, and advocacy for children with disabilities.
Begin your search in the Advocacy Libraries and Law Libraries. You will find thousands of articles, cases, and resources about dozens of topics l New Blog Posts
New Blog Posts l Hot Topics in Special Ed Law & Advocacy l Special Education
Law l IDEA 2004 l Books, Training Downloads, DVDs, Websites
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In this issue of the Special Ed Advocate you will learn the requirements for Present Levels in IEPs and what IDEA says about tape recording IEP meetings. Find strategies and tips for effective participation in the IEP process. Is Your Child's IEP Adequate, Sufficient, Enough?
You are Invited to visit the Wrightslaw Way Blog. Help us create a unique online community. Recent posts and comments ...
FREE Wrightslaw Training Just Outside of OKC on December 3
US DOJ Technical Assistance on Testing Accommodations
Change of Services in High School - "That's All We Offer!"
Hot Topics in Special Education Law & Advocacy
Parent Attendance at IEP Meetings: Doug C v. Hawaii Analysis
Why "No" May Not Really Mean "No"
IDEA 2004: LRE and FAPE
Cool Tool! IEP Pop-Up - With the IEP Pop-Up: Resolving Disputes, you will learn strategies to resolve disagreements, steps to take if you disagree with the school, and options you have if unable to resolve disputes.
Special Education / Education
Your Child's IEP and Progress in the General Ed Curriculum
Use Low Tech Tools to Create Paper Trails
How to Deal with a Hostile Environment at School
Listen and Watch Pete's video about the case AC v. Shelby County. In April 2013, the US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit issued a decision about retaliation against a child with Type 1 diabetes. The case focused on false allegations of child abuse by the school principal.
Legal - Issues & Decisions
In Ebonie S. v. Pueblo School District held in federal court in Colorado in March, 2015, the jury returned a 2.2 million dollar verdict!
The Amended Complaint at paragraph 32 alleged that "Ebonie was routinely restrained in a 'secure wrap-around table' during the school day at Bessemer Academy during the 2006-2007 school year." It was alleged that this restraint was "for the convenience of the Defendants. She was restrained because it was easier for the Defendants than providing District staff with appropriate training to address the challenging behaviors often exhibited in a special needs classroom." (Paragraph 36).
It was further alleged that this table was only used on children with disabilities and thus its use violated the US Constitution, Section 504 and the Americans with Disabilities Act. Links below to the Complaint, Jury Instructions and Jury Verdict Pueblo has appealed to the 10th Circuit. (Note: other recent federal court complaints are located in our "Law Library" "Fed Court Complaints" page.)
The Federal Court Complaint
The Jury Instructions
The $2.2M Jury Verdict
F. H. v. Memphis City Schools (6th Cir. 2014) - Parent filed suit against school after child was verbally, physically, and sexually abused by his aides at school. School entered into Settlement Agreement with the parent, then refused to honor the Agreement. Court found that Sec. 1983 claims do not require exhaustion under IDEA and that settlement agreement is enforceable in courts.
A.C. v. Shelby County (6th Cir. 2013) - Pro-child 504 retaliation decision in which a principal filed false child abuse allegations against child's parents. For a case of this nature to proceed, there must be a finding that the school district retaliated against the parents for asserting their rights under Section 504.
The Sixth Circuit's 29 page opinion does an exceptional job of explaining the basis and criteria needed for a successful Section 504 suit to proceed against a school district.
Original decision as issued by the Court is located here. The Wrightslaw reformatted version with highlights is located here.
with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004)
Model Forms for IEPs, Procedural Safeguards, Prior Written Notice
What You Need to Know About IDEA 2004
Flyers, Resources, Pubs
for College Students with Disabilities Flyer
Need to find an attorney, advocate, tutor, therapist in your state? Visit the Yellow
Pages for Kids with Disabilities
Law School Exam - Give it a try. Take the Final Exam that Pete and Pam administered to their students at the William &
Mary School of Law. To see one of their students during oral argument in an
LRE case, click here.
2016 Institute of Special Education Law & Advocacy (ISEA) July 31 - August 5, 2016. Application process to open in February 2016. Highlights from ISEA 2015.View the Slideshow - ISEA 2015.
Books, Training Downloads, DVDs & Websites
For a year and a half, Pete and Pam Wright were
Adjunct Professors of Law at the William and Mary School of Law where they
taught a course about special education law and advocacy and assisted in creating the Law School's Special Education Law Clinic. They are co-founders and faculty at the William and Mary Law School Institute of Special Education Advocacy (ISEA).
They are co-authors
of several books published by Harbor House
Wrightslaw: Special Education Law, 2nd Edition (ISBN: 978-1-892320-16-2, 456 pages) available in two formats, as a print publication and as a print and e-book combo.
Wrightslaw: From Emotions to Advocacy, 2nd Edition (978-1-892320-09-4, 338 pages)
Wrightslaw: No Child Left Behind with Suzanne Whitney (ISBN: 978-1-892320-12-4) Download Available Only.
Wrightslaw: All About IEPs (ISBN: 978-1-892320-20-9, 192 pages) by Pete Wright, Pam Wright, and Sue O'Connor.
Wrightslaw: All About Tests and Assessments (ISBN: 978-1-892320-23-0, 200 pages) by Pete Wright, Pam Wright, and Melissa Farrall.
Surviving Due Process: Stephen Jeffers v. School Board DVD Video - award-winning documentary, 2 hours.
Wrightslaw Multimedia Training Programs - Understanding Your Childs Test Scores (1.5 hrs) and Wrightslaw Special Education Law and Advocacy Training (6.5 hrs).
Pete and Pam built several websites to help parents of children with
disabilities in their quest for quality special education programs.
Fetaweb.com, the companion website to Wrightslaw: From Emotions to Advocacy, has advocacy information and resources to supplement the FETA book.
IDEA 2004 at Wrightslaw provides current information about the Individuals
with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 (IDEA 2004). Learn about new requirements
for IEPs, IEP teams, IEP meetings, eligibility, evaluations, eligibility for specific
learning disabilities, child find, reevaluations, parental consent, accommodations,
alternate assessments, transition, and more.
Child Left Behind at Wrightslaw offers accurate, up-to-date information
about the No Child Left Behind Act - research-based instruction, proficiency testing,
parent involvement, tutoring and supplemental educational services, highly qualified
teachers, and public school choice.
At the Yellow Pages for Kids with Disabilities,
you'll find listings for educational consultants, advocates, advisors,
psychologists, diagnosticians, health care specialists, academic tutors,
speech language therapists, and attorneys. You'll also find government
programs, grassroots organizations, disability organizations, legal and
advocacy resources, special education schools, and parent support
Last revised: 10/13/15