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Child Left Behind Fact Sheet:
Congress has reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary
Education Act (ESEA), the statute formerly known as No Child Left
Behind. The new statute, Every Student Succeeds Act, was signed into law by President Obama on December 10, 2015.
departments across the nation have listed more than 8,000 Title I schools
as "in need of improvement." It is important to keep those numbers
Department of Education is reporting the information as provided by
the states as part of a 1994 law that pre-dates President Bush's No
Child Left Behind Act.
federal system and the 1994 law, states were required to define "adequate
yearly progress." Since then, states have chosen many ways to report
their data--not every state defines achieving and underachieving schools
in the same way.
Some states define progress as closing the achievement gap between sub-groups
of students. Others define it as meeting absolute targets on state tests.
A third way is measuring growth or progress on state tests from one
year to another. No matter what the method, the state establishes the
The state-supplied data tell us something we already knew: that America's
schools need help. Many of our schools are lagging and could do much
35 years after Congress passed the first Elementary and Secondary Education
Act, public school spending per-pupil has more than doubled--even when
adjusted for inflation--from $2,853 in 1965-66 to $7,086 in 1999-00.
Since 1965, the federal government has spent more than $321 billion
But over the last two decades, reading and math scores have been stagnant.
Next year, No Child Left Behind has accountability reforms that
will improve the quality of information and puts that information to
is the key to identifying and solving the challenges in education. Parents
and the public have a right to know how their tax dollars are being
spent in the education system.
Under No Child Left Behind, states will revisit their definition
of "adequate yearly progress"-- to meet the goals of closing
the achievement gap and ensuring every child is learning proficiently
Unlike prior years, states will be required to publicize these schools.
No Child Left Behind also requires states, school districts and
schools to provide annual report cards on the following:
academic achievement disaggregated by subgroups,
of students at basic, proficient, and advanced levels of academic
qualifications of teachers,
of students not tested, and
the school has been identified as "in need of improvement."
school data will improve next year under No Child Left Behind,
the law offers many children and schools help now.
If a school
fails to make adequate yearly progress for two years and continues to
fail after receiving special help and resources, then students are eligible
to transfer to another public school with transportation provided. If
a school continues to fail, disadvantaged students in these schools
are also eligible for "supplemental services" such as tutoring,
after-school help, and summer school.
Some low-performing Title I schools will have to offer public school
choice and supplemental services as early as Fall 2002.
In short, for the first time in federal education policy, schools, districts
and states will be able to use high-quality information for data-driven
reforms so that we can improve public education for every child. (Source:
U. S. Department of Education, June 6 2002)
Download This Fact Sheet in PDF
No Child Left Behind Info & Resources