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IEP FAQs Pop-Up - Special Factors in IEPs

In this pop-up you will learn about the Special Factors IEP teams must consider when developing your child's IEP:

    Behavior Problems
    Limited English Proficiency
    Blind or Visually Impaired
    Deaf or Hearing Impaired
    Communication Problems
    Assistive Technology

Click on the box to see answers to the questions, federal law or regulations that support these answers, and additional resources.
1. What are the special factors that the IEP team must consider when developing, reviewing, or revising my child's IEP? 2. If my child's behavior impedes her learning, should the IEP team refer her for a functional behavioral assessment (FBA)? 3. When does the IEP Team have to develop a behavior intervention plan (BIP)? 4. My child is from another country & on an IEP. He doesn't speak English. Should he receive special education in English or in his native language?
5. My child has a disability & limited English. Is he entitled to speech-language services? 6. My child has very poor vision diagnosed as "partial sight." Does the IEP team have to consider this as a special factor?

7. My child needs textbooks in Braille. Does the school have to provide them?

8. My child was born deaf. I met with the school but they didn't develop an IEP. What services must the school provide?
9. Does the school have to provide an interpreter for my deaf son? What does the law say? 10. My child has autism, is nonverbal, and the school claims he cannot be taught. Should the school teach him a way to communicate? 11. My daughter cannot speak so the school says she doesn't need communication goals in her IEP. Is the school right? 12. My child needs an FM system. The school says they will only provide one system for his primary classroom. Should the IEP team provide this type of technology for all his classes?

Additional Resources

IEP FAQs Pop-Up: Developing Your Child's IEP

IEP FAQs Pop-Up: Resolving IEP Disputes - Topics A-Z

IDEA 2004

Individualized Education Programs - IEPs

Behavior and Discipline

Assistive Technology


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Wrightslaw: Special Education Legal Developments and Cases 2017, by Pam and Pete Wright Wrightslaw: Special Education Law, 2nd Edition, by Pam and Pete Wright Wrightslaw: All About IEPs Wrightslaw: All About Tests and Assessments, Second Edition Surviving Due Process: Stephen Jeffers v. School Board

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