Experts in the field of learning disabilities believe that many children identified with specific learning disabilities are victims of poor teaching. The statement that many children identified as LD are teaching disabled is often accurate. Almost all children can learn to read if taught appropriately, but many do not get the help they need because their teachers are not adequately prepared. (Early Warning System by G. Reid Lyon and Jack M. Fletcher)
When Congress reauthorized IDEA, they changed the law about how to identify children with specific learning disabilities. IDEA 2004 says schools shall not be required to take into consideration whether a child has a severe discrepancy between achievement and intellectual ability in oral expression, listening comprehension, written expression, basic reading skill, reading comprehension, mathematical calculation, or mathematical reasoning. (Section 1414(b)) (See Wrightslaw: Special Education Law, page 95)
Adopt "Response to Intervention" or "Response to Instruction" (RTI) Models
2004 states, when determining whether a child has a specific learning
disability ... a local educational agency shall not be required to take into consideration whether a child has a severe discrepancy between achievement and intellectual ability" ... a school "may use a process that determines if the child responds to scientific, research-based intervention as part of the evaluation procedures ..." (Section 1414(b)(6)). (See Wrightslaw: Special Education Law, page 97)
Diagnosing Learning Disabilities
Psychologists often diagnose learning disabilities by exclusion. If a child has a disability that adversely affects educational performance, and the child is not retarded, does not have a visual, hearing or motor disability, is not emotionally disturbed, and is not negatively affected by environmental, cultural or economic disadvantages, it is likely that the child has a learning disability.
According to the IDEA 2004 regulations, States Must not require the use of a severe discrepancy between intellectual ability and achievement for determining if a child has a specific learning disability ... must permit the use of a process based on the child's response to scientific, research-based intervention and may permit the use of other alternative research-based procedures for determining whether a child has a specific learning disability (CFR 300.307(a)) (See Wrightslaw: Special Education Law, page 243)
to Intervention (RTI): Articles & Free Pubs
. . . more
articles, research, publications
Fletcher, Jack M., W. Alan Coulter, Daniel J. Reschly & Sharon
Alternative Approaches to the Definition and Identification of Learning
Disabilities: Some Questions and Answers. From Annals
G. Reid Lyon and Jack Fletcher. (2001) Early
Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities. (2005) Responsiveness
to Intervention & Learning Disabilities.
Copyright © 1998-2017, Peter W. D. Wright and Pamela Darr
Wright. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 1998-2017, Peter W. D. Wright and Pamela Darr Wright. All rights reserved.