Special Ed Advocate Newsletter
At Wrightslaw, our goals are to help you gain the information and skills you need navigate the confusing, challenging world of special education.
Behavior & discipline; can school expel child with LD & ADD; behavior
problems & interventions - what parents & educators need to know;
behavior problems & discipline - what administrators need to know;
Wrightslaw programs in NY, IN, MO & AZ; suspensions, expulsions &
IEPs; discipline caselaw; free pubs about behavior problems & intervention
1. Behavior & School Discipline
is a hot topic. When the federal special education law was passed in 1975,
Congress found that most handicapped children were not receiving an appropriate
education - and that millions of children were excluded from school altogether.
2. Question of the Week: Can the School Expel My Child with ADHD & LD?
son has ADHD and learning disabilities. He is almost 16 and is still in
the 8th grade. The school has suspended him several times already this
year. We just received a letter from the school saying they plan to expel
Frequently Asked Questions
on dozens of topics.
3. Behavior Problems, Assessments & Positive Interventions - What Parents & Teachers Need to Know
Is the child a problem? Does the child have a problem? Is suspension from school "good medicine for bad behavior?" In Functional Behavioral Assessment & Positive Interventions: What Parents Need to Know, Dixie Jordan describes strategies parents and teachers can use to assess problem behavior and teach appropriate behavior skills.
Behavioral Assessments: What? Why? When? Where? Who? Dr. Stephen Starin
describes problem behaviors, functional behavior assessments, environmental
manipulation, and qualifications and training of evaluators.
4. Behavior Problems & Discipline: What School Administrators Need to Know
If you are dealing with an administrator who insists that s/he can expel a disabled child, these resources will help you make a case that expulsion is not appropriate -- or legal.
In Frequently Asked Questions: Discipline, the U. S. Dept of Education clarifies rules for disciplining children with disabilities; describes appropriate behavioral interventions and functional behavior assessments; clarifies 10-day and 45-day removals; weapons and illegal drugs.
In Prevention Research & IDEA Discipline Provisions: A Guide for School Administrators, the U. S. Department of Education describes research-validated practices that use positive behavioral intervention and supports; outcomes include reduced discipline referrals and improved academic performance; includes IDEA legal requirements re: discipline.
Defusing Violent Behavior in Young Children: An Ounce of Prevention - Information for School Principals - Strategies to use in dealing with aggressive and violent behavior; how to teach behavior skills; prevention & problem solving. (National Association of School Psychologists)
Learn more about behavior problems, behavior assessments & interventions.
5. Coming Soon! Wrightslaw Programs in NY, Indiana, Missouri, Arizona
Special Education Law and Advocacy Training Programs focus on four
areas: special education laws, rights & responsibilities; how to use
the bell curve to measure educational progress & regression; SMART
IEPs; and advocacy tactics & strategies.
participants will receive two books, Wrightslaw:
Special Education Law and Wrightslaw:
From Emotions to Advocacy, (Value: $59.90), and the new publication,
with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004: Overview, Explanation
and Comparison of IDEA 2004 & IDEA 97 by Peter Wright.
6. Discipline: Suspensions, Expulsions & IEPs
A child with
a language impairment who receives special education is suspended. The
school threatens to expel her. In Discipline:
Suspension, Expulsions and IEPs, parent attorney Bob Crabtree describes
the school's responsibilities including the provision of FAPE, alternative
educational placements, functional behavioral assessments and behavior
7. Caselaw: Behavior & Discipline
Honig v. Doe - In 1988, the U. S. Supreme Court issued a strong decision on behalf of children with disabilities who were being suspended and expelled from school in Honig v. Doe, 484 U. S. 305 (1988). If you are dealing with suspension and expulsion issues, you need to read this case.
Consolidated Sch. Dist. #93 v. John F. (IL) Well-written decision
in discipline case that includes procedural violations, prior written
notice requirements, manifestation determination review, suspensions for
more than 10 days, expedited hearings, special education and related services
under IDEA, "passing grades" are not evidence of FAPE, homebound instruction
violated LRE, more. Decision
8. Free Pubs: Behavior Problems, Behavior Assessments, Intervention Plans
An IEP Team's Introduction to Functional Behavioral Assessment and Behavior Intervention Plans (Center for Effective Collaboration and Practice) If your child has behavior problems, this publication will help. Describes need to identify the underlying causes of child's behavior (what the child "gets" or "avoids" through the behavior); that the IEP team is responsible for developing proactive instructional strategies, including positive behavioral interventions and supports, to address behaviors that interfere with learning. Download A PDF version is also available
Interventions: Creating a Safe Environment in Our Schools (National
Mental Health and Education Center) Includes articles about school discipline,
behavior management, managing disruptive behavior, defusing disruptions,
violence prevention programs, bullying fact sheet, disciplining students
with disabilities. (28 pages, pdf)
Special Ed Advocate is a free online newsletter about special education
legal and advocacy issues, cases, and tactics and strategies. Subscribers
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