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Tests & Assessments
Assessing Reading Difficulties and Disabilities

Question 12.

Can you assess the reading skills of a nonverbal child? What tests should you use?

Answer

Yes.

Some tests of reading do not require the child to speak.

There are tests and subtests that measure reading skills in children who are nonverbal.

Lindamood Auditory Conceptualization Test (LAC-3) will measure phonemic awareness.

Tests of Reading Comprehension (TORC-4), Relational Vocabulary Subtest measures reading vocabulary.

Diagnostic Assessment of Reading, (DAR-2), Silent Reading Comprehension subtest, will measure reading comprehension for grades 3+.

Gray Silent Reading Tests (GSRT) measure reading comprehension.

Test of Silent Contextual Reading Fluency (TOSCRF-2), Test of Silent Reading Efficiency and Comprehension (TOSREC), and Test of Silent Word Reading Fluency (TOSWRF-2) measure reading fluency. These tests measure fluency, they do not measure accuracy.

Test of Orthographic Competence (TOC) measures knowledge of letters, abbreviations, punctuation, and spelling.

Any test of spelling will provide information about a child's skill with phonics.

For a complete list of Tests that Measure Reading Skills in Nonverbal Children turn to page 63 in Wrightslaw: All About Tests and Assessments, 2nd Edition.

Legal Resource

Wrightslaw: All About Tests and Assessments, 2nd Edition Chapter 6 - Reading Assessments

Wrightslaw: Special Education Law, 2nd Edition

IDEA

20 U.S.C.§ 1401(30)

20 U.S.C.§ 1414

20 U.S.C.§ 1414(b)(6)

Wrightslaw: Special Education Law, 2nd Edition

IDEA Regulations

34 C.F.R. §300.301

34 C.F.R. §300.307

34 C.F.R. §300.309(a)(1)

Additional Resources

CHART: Tests that Measure Reading Skills in Nonverbal Children

CHART: Reading Tests and the Skills They Measure

Reading Tests: What They Measure...and Don't Measure

The Root of the Problem? Rock-Bottom Reading Skills?

New! A Guide to Helping Your Child at Home: Developing Foundational Skills in Reading and Writing

4 Great Reading Definitions in NCLB

Reading at Wrightslaw

State Special Education Regulations and Guidelines. You will find your specific state regulations at your State Department of Education website. Use the Wrightslaw Yellow Pages for Kids with Disabilities to locate your state site.

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